There are a number of solutions for connecting your Android phone to your computer. There's the USB connection and various iterations of so-called pro software by manufacturers. You know them as Kies, Kies Air, HTC Sync, etc., and, if you've had the guts to attempt to use them, you know what enormous epic failures they can be.
Thankfully, there is someone out there who wants to do the whole Android phone to PC connection thing correctly and is currently developing what is probably one of the coolest applications I've ever used. It is called Paw and it is available for download on the Android Market.
For those having trouble finding it, you can click on the link and grab it from the Android Market. The coolest thing about this app is that it is not only free, but it requires no ridiculous set up. Some apps that convert your Android phone into a server require Bachelor Degree-quality knowledge and skill to figure out and use. Not Paw. Install it, follow the one, simple step on the phone and you're in. Besides the noticeable (read: insane) increase in performance from similar, manufacturer sponsored applications, you'll see a clean user interface and an easy to follow menu. Keep in mind that this is also in beta, so not all functionality is working perfectly and there are features that still need to be added. For example, I could not view my text messages, although I could still send them.
Now, this is where the fun starts. From the array of menu options, you can do things such as send text messages, make phone calls, view files on your Android device, send files to your Android device, browse your music library and a whole bunch of other stuff straight from your computer browser. When would this be useful? Well, basically every function on your phone is available through the browser, so instead of throwing your Android phone behind your monitor and pretending that you're working when the boss comes lurking, you can keep your phone in your desk and simply minimize the browser. No harm, no foul, no getting fired because your boss is a raving lunatic. Please note, none of my bosses are raving lunatics.
Additionally, if you happen to misplace your phone around your place of residency often, there's even a nifty feature that will force your phone to ring constantly until you tell it to stop. I've used this feature once already and I've only been using it for about an hour.
We'll leave it up to your imagination as to the uses, but you can get away with texting friends at work, you can download files off your phone more easily (ADB pull my rear end!) for modification purposes and share the information with others around the house or office by giving them the URL and password to get in. You can even access your webcam, change your Android phone's background and, the very best part, you can install plugins that will allow you to do a plethora of other things.
There's a lot to explore, but if you're looking for a way to get your Android phone onto your computer asap, there isn't a better way than Paw. Simply install, open, hit the start server button, input the URL into your browser and you can spend the next half an hour doing whatever you want. It is recommended, though, that you leave your pants on.